Nature of project: data analysis, software
Available to students on full-time physics degree schemes or joint students.
Images of the sun and data measuring magnetic activities in the Earth’s environment will be gathered from times of magnetic storms. Solar activity that triggers storms in the Earth’s magnetosphere can be coronal mass ejections (CMEs), energetic flares, or appearances of large sunspots and magnetically active regions. Solar disturbances travel towards the Earth in forms of CME or the solar wind. Their speed will be derived by analysing images of the mass ejection.
Observational data will be taken from publicly available sources provided by ground- and/or space-based observatories and data centres, such as Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), Geomagnetic Data Service, and Virtual Solar Observatory.
One of the aims of the project is predicting a magnetic substorm by observing a solar event and deriving the time when its effect reaches the Earth’s magnetosphere.
A successful project will develop beyond the above in one/some of the following directions:
- There is no upper limit to the number of solar energetic events the effects of which can be studied by the students in terrestrial magnetospheric data.
- A comparative study can be carried out to find out the best model for the solar wind or CME propagation towards the Earth.
When considering where to take your project, please bear in mind the time available. It is preferable to do fewer things well than to try many and not get conclusive results on any of them. However, sometimes it is useful to have a couple of strands of investigation in parallel to work on in case delays occur.
Additional scope or challenge if taken as a Year-4 project: - A comprehensive correlation analysis can be done by analysing a large data archive of magnetospheric effects of solar events
- Finding the solar origin in atmospheric activity in other planets' (Mars, Saturn) data
Please speak to Balázs Pintér if you consider doing this project.
Initial literature for students:
Recent sunspots, active regions, flares, or CMEs can be selected by the students the effects of which have not been studied. The novelty of the project can also come from the comparative nature of the analysis. No assistance is needed for the project except for the weekly discussion meetings.
|milestone||to be completed by|
|Selecting a time period or solar events to be analysed||end of November|
|Collecting solar and magnetospheric data||end of February|
|Working out a model for the SW and/or CME propagation towards the Earth||mid-March|
|Deriving a predicted time for a magnetic substorm||Easter|